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Mol Gen Genet. 1995 Mar 20;246(6):778-82.

Clustered alpha-amanitin resistance mutations in mouse.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


We report the identification of three new alpha-amanitin resistance mutations in the gene encoding the largest subunit of mouse RNA polymerase II (RPII215). These mutations are clustered in a region of the largest subunit that is important for transcription elongation. This same domain has been identified as the site of alpha-amanitin resistance mutations in both Drosophila and Caenarhabditis elegans. The sequences encompassing this cluster of mutations are highly conserved among RNA polymerase II genes from a number of species, including those that are naturally more resistant to alpha-amanitin suggesting that this region of the largest subunit is critical for a conserved catalytic function. The mutations reported here change leucine 745 to phenylalanine, arginine 749 to proline, or isoleucine 779 to phenylalanine. Together with the previously reported asparagine 792 to aspartate substitution these mutations define a potential alpha-amanitin binding pocket in a region of the mouse subunit that could be involved in translocation of polymerase during elongation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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