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Invest New Drugs. 1994;12(3):169-82.

Differential cytotoxic effects of docetaxel in a range of mammalian tumor cell lines and certain drug resistant sublines in vitro.

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1
Laboratory of Cellular Chemotherapy, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, England.

Abstract

The in vitro cytotoxic effects of docetaxel (Taxotere; RP56976, NSC688503) proved both time and concentration dependent. Amongst thirteen human cell lines from various tumor types, exposure to increasing concentrations of docetaxel over 24 hrs resulted in a plateau-shaped dose response curve, suggesting that increased cell kill becomes more dependent on increased exposure duration than on concentration. IC50 concentrations (reducing survival by 50%) ranged from 0.13-3.3 ng/ml, with three neuroblastoma lines proving most sensitive and three breast and two colon carcinoma lines showing least sensitivity. There was significant cross-resistance to docetaxel in the classic multidrug resistant (MDR) Chinese hamster ovarian (CHO) CHRC5 line and the human lymphoblastoid CCRF-CEMVLB1000 line, as well as in two vincristine (VCR)-selected MDR MCF-7 sublines. All four of these MDR sublines overexpress P-glycoprotein (Pgp), as did a 6-fold docetaxel-selected resistant CHO subline. As an apparent corollary, in two human teratoma lines selected for etoposide resistance and showing some cross-resistance to VCR and in two CHO sublines expressing low levels of VCR resistance, yet all proving Pgp positive, no docetaxel cross-resistance was identified. Verapamil modulated docetaxel resistance only in sublines expressing resistance to the drug and overexpressing Pgp. Four other human tumor sublines selected for resistance to 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin or teniposide, showed a lack of cross-resistance to docetaxel. Furthermore, cross-resistance to docetaxel was not apparant in four epipodophyllotoxin-selected resistant sublines with alterations in topoisomerase II, indicating its effectiveness against tumor cells expressing the topoisomerase II-related MDR phenotype. Our observation that docetaxel cross-resistance was not automatically expressed by classic MDR tumour cells appears of interest and of potential clinical relevance.

PMID:
7896535
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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