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Gen Pharmacol. 1994 Nov;25(7):1381-7.

Characterization of adenosine receptors in the rat isolated aorta.

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School of Biological Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, U.K.


1. Adenosine and its analogues relaxed the isolated rat aorta by an endothelium-dependent mechanism with an order of potency of 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA) > 2-(p-(2-carboxy-ethyl)phenethylamino)-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosi ne (CGS 21680) > adenosine = N6-(2-(4-amino-phenyl)ethyl)adenosine (APNEA) = N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) > 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA), although the maximal response achieved by CGS 21680 was less than that achieved by NECA. 2. Both 8-sulphophenyltheophylline (8-SPT) and MTA antagonized responses to the adenosine analogues, but there were some anomolous features of this antagonism and NECA was inhibited more powerfully than the other agonists. This suggests that as well as A2a receptors mediating relaxation, the rat aorta may relax to adenosine analogues by other mechanisms.

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