Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Clin Lab Res. 1994;24(4):181-6.

Origin and functions of human natural killer cells.

Abstract

Recent data have substantially modified our view of natural killer cells. Although maturation of natural killer cells occurs in the absence of a functional thymus, we have shown that clonogenic precursors capable of differentiating into mature CD3-16+56+ natural killer cells exist in CD3-4-8-16- populations isolated from human thymus. Analysis of peripheral blood-derived natural killer clones showed that they can lyse normal cells (e.g., phytohemagglutinin-induced blasts) isolated from some individuals. Importantly, natural killer clones isolated from single individuals displayed different patterns of cytolytic activity against a panel of normal allogeneic cells. These data suggested the existence of a natural killer cell repertoire. A number of observations have revealed that the expression of given HLA class I alleles protects target cells from lysis by different groups of natural killer clones. Evidence has been gained by genetic analysis of the determinants responsible for susceptibility/resistance to lysis by natural killer clones together with analysis, as target cells, of HLA-defective variants or HLA transfectants. Thus, natural killer cells were found to express a clonally distributed ability to recognize HLA class I alleles. The selection of new monoclonal antibodies directed against members of a novel family of natural killer specific p58 molecules allowed the identification of the putative natural killer receptors for different MHC class I alleles. Firstly, a correlation was established between the expression of given p58 molecules (e.g., EB6 and GL183) and the class I alleles recognized. Secondly, anti-p58 monoclonal antibodies restored the natural killer-mediated lysis of class I-protected cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7894040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center