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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1995 Mar 10;317(2):487-96.

Asparagine-linked glycosylation in Schizosaccharomyces pombe: functional conservation of the first step in oligosaccharide-lipid assembly.

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Department of Biochemistry, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.


The gene gpt encoding uridine diphosphate N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:dolichol phosphate N-acetylglucosaminylphosphoryltransferase (L-G1PT) was isolated by screening a Schizosaccharomyces pombe genomic DNA library in lambda phage under low-stringency hybridization using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene ALG7 as probe. Sequencing 2.4 kb of S. pombe DNA revealed a 1338-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a hydrophobic protein of 446 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 49,852. The S. pombe protein was 50% identical to the S. cerevisiae protein and 43% identical to the protein from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Overexpression of the gpt gene in S. pombe cells increased resistance to tunicamycin 25-fold and increased the specific activity of the enzyme in isolated cell membranes 13-fold. This was accompanied by a 50-fold increase in poly(A)+ RNA hybridizing to the gpt probe. Northern analysis indicated a single 1.8-kb message is transcribed from the gpt gene. The gpt gene is essential for viability of S. pombe. Cells containing a disrupted ORF could be rescued by an expression plasmid containing either the intact S. pombe gpt ORF or the CHO L-G1PT cDNA. The S. pombe gpt gene was mapped to chromosome 2 near top1 and ade1.

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