Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Brain Dev. 1994 Sep-Oct;16(5):382-5.

Effects of anti-epileptic drug therapy on bone mineral density in ambulatory epileptic children.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea.


In order to assess the bone changes in the subjects receiving anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), bone mineral densities (BMDs) of the arms, legs, ribs, pelvis, spine, and the whole body were scanned in 78 epileptic children and in 78 controls using dual photon absorptiometry. The study subjects were classified according to the duration of the monotherapy with phenobarbital (PB) or phenytoin (PHT); those who received AEDs for less than 12 months as Group I, for 13-23 months as Group II, and for 24 months as Group III. Group III was subclassified according to the kind of AEDs administered, into those receiving PB as Group IIIp, and those receiving PHT as Group IIId. There was no significant differences in the BMDs of each area, when compared to each control in Groups I and II. In Group III, there were significant differences in ribs and spine, according to the duration of administration. In Group IIIp, there was a significant difference in ribs and spine, and, in Group IIId, there was a significant difference in most of the areas. These results show that the measurement of BMDs in the ribs and spine is necessary for the early detection of subtle bone loss, and it is recommended that vitamin D be administered to children with epilepsy receiving AEDs over 24 months.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center