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Am J Public Health. 1995 Mar;85(3):335-40.

The risk of assaultive violence and alcohol availability in Los Angeles County.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Although there is considerable evidence that alcohol consumption facilitates assaultive violence, the extent to which alcohol outlets in a community influence assaultive violence remains controversial.

METHODS:

To assess the geographic association between city-specific rates of assaultive violence and alcohol-outlet density, an ecologic analysis of the 74 larger cities in Los Angeles County was conducted for the 1990 reporting year.

RESULTS:

Sociodemographic factors alone accounted for 70% (R2 = .70) of the variance in the rate of assaultive violence in a multiple regression model. Adding the variable for alcohol-outlet density to the model yielded a significant positive slope. The magnitude of this relation indicates that in a typical Los Angeles County city (50,000 residents, 100 outlets, 570 offenses per year), one outlet was associated with 3.4 additional assaultive violence offenses in 1990.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings indicate that higher levels of alcohol-outlet density are geographically associated with higher rates of assaultive violence. This association is independent of measured confounders, including city-level measures of unemployment, ethnic/racial makeup, income, age structure, city size, household size, and female-headed households.

PMID:
7892915
PMCID:
PMC1614881
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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