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Radiology. 1995 Apr;195(1):47-52.

Optimal cutoff levels of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the differentiation of low-grade from high-grade brain tumors with PET.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232-2675.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the optimal cutoff level of fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the differentiation of low-grade from high-grade cerebral tumors at position emission tomography (PET).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The authors retrospectively reviewed images from PET, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography performed in 58 consecutive patients with histologically proved brain tumors. There were 32 high-grade tumors (20 gliomas) and 26 low-grade tumors (18 gliomas).

RESULTS:

The best cutoff level of FDG uptake ratios in the differentiation of high-grade from low-grade tumors was 1.5 for tumor-to-white matter (T/WM) ratios and 0.6 for tumor-to-cortex (T/C) ratios. These levels were the same when only gliomas were analyzed and when all tumors were analyzed. When a T/WM ratio of more than 1.5 was considered indicative of a high-grade tumor, the sensitivity and specificity were 94% and 77%, respectively. The results were similar for the T/C ratio.

CONCLUSION:

Cutoff levels of 1.5 for the T/WM FDG uptake ratio and 0.6 for the T/C ratio are useful in the differentiation of low-grade from high-grade gliomas with PET.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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