Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Radiology. 1995 Apr;195(1):17-22.

Nephrotoxicity from contrast media: attenuation with theophylline.

Author information

  • 1Prairie Education Research Cooperative, Springfield, Ill.



To determine if depression of creatinine clearance after administration of contrast medium may be prevented with theophylline.


A nonionic, low-osmolality contrast medium (iopamidol) or an ionic, high-osmolality contrast medium (sodium diatrizoate) was administered to 93 patients. Before the examination, these patients were given theophylline or a placebo orally. There were also 30 patients who received an adenosine-uptake inhibitor (dipyridamole). Creatinine clearance and urinary adenosine levels were measured before and after angiography.


Creatinine clearance decreased 18% +/- 4 in the placebo-iopamidol group but did not decrease in the theophylline group; urinary adenosine increased 67% +/- 7. Creatinine clearance decreased 42% +/- 5 in the placebo-sodium diatrizoate group and decreased 24% +/- 3 in the theophylline group; urinary adenosine increased 119% +/- 8. In the dipyridamole group in which iopamidol was given, urinary adenosine increased 96% +/- 7 and creatinine clearance decreased 37% +/- 5.


Intrarenal adenosine can be implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertonic contrast medium nephrotoxicity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center