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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Mar 14;92(6):1936-40.

Possible function of Ah receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt) homodimer in transcriptional regulation.

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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.


Arnt (Ah receptor nuclear translocator) is a member of a transcription factor family having characteristic motifs designated bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) and PAS and was originally found as a factor forming a complex with Ah receptor (AhR) to bind the specific xenobiotic responsive element (XRE) sequence for induction of drug-metabolizing P4501A1. We have examined interaction of Arnt with other PAS proteins--Drosophila Per, Sim, and AhR--by the coimmunoprecipitation method. Arnt formed a homodimer with itself as well as heterodimers with the others by means of the PAS and HLH domains in a cooperative way. The Arnt homodimer binds the sequence of adenovirus major late promoter (MLP) with the E box core sequence CACGTG, suggesting that the CAC half of the XRE, CACGCN(A/T), recognized by the AhR-Arnt heterodimer is a target for Arnt. Cotransfection experiments using CV-1 cells with an Arnt expression plasmid and a MLP chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter plasmid revealed that Arnt markedly activated CAT expression, indicative of a newly discovered regulatory role of Arnt.

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