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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Mar 8;208(1):432-9.

Hypoxia-induced transcription of the vascular endothelial growth factor gene is independent of functional AP-1 transcription factor.

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Institute for Molecular Medicine, Tumor Biology Center, Freiburg, Germany.


In this study, we investigated the functional role of the transcription factor AP-1 in hypoxia-induced expression of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by using dexamethasone as an inhibitor of AP-1 activity. Phorbol ester and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) cause an increase in VEGF mRNA expression, which is strongly suppressed in the presence of dexamethasone, whereas hypoxia-induced VEGF expression is not inhibited by dexamethasone. Studies using a VEGF promoter luciferase construct show that the phorbol ester and PDGF-induced VEGF expression is mediated at least in part by transcriptional activation of the VEGF promoter, whereas no transcriptional activation is seen under hypoxic conditions. In contrast, hypoxia leads to an increase in VEGF mRNA stability, as confirmed by experiments using actinomycin D as an inhibitor of transcription. These results indicate that hypoxia-induced VEGF expression is independent of AP-1 mediated transcription.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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