Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Vet Res. 1994 Dec;55(12):1710-6.

Characterization of a pseudorabies virus that is defective in the early protein 0 and latency genes.

Author information

Virology Swine Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, USDA, Ames, IA 50010.


A recombinant pseudorabies virus that is defective in the early protein 0 (EP0) and large latency transcript (LLT) genes was constructed. A portion of the EP0 and LLT genes was replaced by the lacZ gene of Escherichia coli that had been placed under the control of the pseudorabies virus gX gene promoter. This recombinant virus produces smaller size plaques and yields less virus than does the parent virus on Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells. Although the time course of virus replication and release into the medium of the recombinant and parent viruses are similar, the recombinant virus did not reach as high a titer. Similar to the parent virus, the recombinant virus replicates in the upper segment of the respiratory tract of swine, but the amount of progeny viruses produced is significantly reduced. The data indicated that the EP0 and LLT genes of pseudorabies virus are nonessential for replication. Virus that lacks these 2 genes has impaired growth in tissue culture and is attenuated for swine, compared with the parent virus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center