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Vet Microbiol. 1994 Nov;42(2-3):91-104.

Evaluation of a saline boiled extract, capsular polysaccharides and long-chain lipopolysaccharides of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 as antigens for the serodiagnosis of swine pleuropneumonia.

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1
Groupe de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses du Porc, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Qué., Canada.

Abstract

A saline boiled extract (SBE), capsular polysaccharides (CPS) and long-chain lipopolysaccharides (LC-LPS) of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 have been evaluated in ELISA for the serodiagnosis of swine pleuropneumonia caused by this serotype. Mean optical densities (ODs) obtained with the three antigens using sera from negative herds as well as from animals experimentally and naturally exposed to A. pleuropneumoniae serotypes 1, 9 or 11 were not significantly different. The positive ELISA reaction with anti-serotypes 9 and 11 was unexpected with the CPS, which are supposed to be serotype-specific; LPS, and to a lesser extent proteins, were present in the CPS and appeared to be responsible for this reaction. In addition, sera from animals exposed to a field strain of A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 3 and to Actinobacillus suis presented a significantly lower mean OD (P < 0.001) when LC-LPS were used. Cross-reacting antigens consisted mainly of LPS core-lipid A present in the SBE and CPS. The specificity and the sensitivity of the ELISA were evaluated using three different cut-off values (the OD plus two, three and four times the standard deviation or SD) obtained with 667 negative sera. The diagnostic sensitivity was of 81% with the three antigens and the different thresholds. The diagnostic specificity was of 84, 86 and 88% for the mean plus two, three and four times the SD respectively using the SBE and the CPS, while that obtained with the LC-LPS was of 96, 98 and 99% using the same thresholds. In conclusion, LC-LPS make an easily obtainable antigen and seem to retain the best specificity while minimizing losses of sensitivity.

PMID:
7886937
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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