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Neuropediatrics. 1994 Oct;25(5):238-44.

Phenotypic variation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Salla disease, a free sialic acid storage disorder.

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Department of Medical Genetics, University and University Central Hospital of Turku, Finland.


Salla disease (SD) is a recessively inherited lysosomal storage disorder particularly common in the Finnish population. Patients with SD are normal at birth, but develop psychomotor delay and ataxia during the first year of life. Phenotypic variation of SD is wide, ranging from severely disabled children to mentally retarded adults capable of living under sheltered conditions. In the present study four unusually severely affected patients were investigated by detailed clinical examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and analysis of the excretion of free sialic acid in urine. MRI study, reported here for the first time, revealed a similarly defective myelination pattern in seven patients. The myelination process seemed to cessate at the level of an infant of a few months of age. Genetic linkage study of the families of the severely affected patients suggested linkage to the recently discovered SD locus on the long arm of chromosome 6. Locus heterogeneity therefore is an unlikely explanation of the phenotypic variation in SD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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