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J Cell Sci Suppl. 1994;18:57-61.

Coupling of DNA replication and mitosis by fission yeast rad4/cut5.

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1
Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Japan.

Abstract

The fission yeast cut5+ (identical to rad4+) gene is essential for S phase. Its temperature-sensitive (ts) mutation causes mitosis while S phase is inhibited: dependence of mitosis upon the completion of S phase is abolished. If DNA is damaged in mutant cells, however, cell division is arrested. Thus the checkpoint control system for DNA damage is functional, while that for DNA synthesis inhibition is not in the cut5 mutants. Transcription of the cut5+ gene is not under the direct control of cdc10+, which encodes a transcription factor for the START of cell cycle. The transcript level does not change during the cell cycle. The protein product has four distinct domains and is enriched in the nucleus. Its level does not alter during the cell cycle. The N-domain is important for cut5 protein function: it is essential for complementation of ts cut5 mutations and its overexpression blocks cell division. Furthermore, it resembles the N-terminal repeat domain of proto-oncoprotein Ect2, which, in the C-domain, contains a regulator-like sequence for small G proteins. We discuss a hypothesis that the cut5 protein is an essential component of the checkpoint control system for the completion of DNA synthesis. The restraint of mitosis until the completion of S phase is mediated by the cut5 protein, which can sense the state of chromosome duplication and negatively interacts with M phase regulators such as cdc25 and cdc2.

PMID:
7883793
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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