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Clin Exp Metastasis. 1995 Mar;13(2):134-40.

Role of phospholipase D in laminin-induced production of gelatinase A (MMP-2) in metastatic cells.

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Department of Pharmacology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.


Metastatic spread depends critically upon the invasiveness of tumor cells, i.e. their ability to breach basement membranes by elaborating and secreting specific proteolytic enzymes such as gelatinase A (MMP-2). Laminin is a major constituent of the extracellular matrix that can trigger production of MMP-2 in metastatic cells, but not in non-metastatic cells. The present study was designed to examine the role of phospholipase D (PLD) and its product, phosphatidic acid, in the intracellular signal transduction mechanisms that mediate induction of MMP-2 by laminin. Here we show that stimulation of tumor cells with laminin results in a time- and dose-dependent activation of PLD. Laminin-induced production of MMP-2 is attenuated by 1-butanol, a competitive substrate of PLD that reduces PLD-catalyzed production of PA. Moreover, phosphatidic acid itself can induce production of MMP-2 in metastatic tumor cells. MMP-2 can also be induced by exposing the cells to exogenous bacterial PLD. Elevated cellular phosphatidic acid induces MMP-2 in metastatic ras-transformed 3T3 fibroblasts but, like laminin, fails to do so in normal cells. These data indicate that laminin-induced activation of PLD and consequent generation of phosphatidic acid are involved in a signal propagation pathway leading to induction of MMP-2 and enhanced invasiveness of metastatic tumor cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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