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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1994 Oct;72(10):1238-44.

Methimazole protection of rats against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity.

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Department of Comparative Biosciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706-1102.


Methimazole was previously shown to protect rats, mice, and (or) dogs against cisplatin-, cephaloridine-, 2-bromohydro-quinone-, and S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine-induced nephrotoxicity. In this study, methimazole effects on gentamicin (GM) induced nephrotoxicity were examined. Rats given GM (40 mg/kg) twice daily for 10 days exhibited higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations and severe necrosis of virtually all proximal tubules compared with saline-treated controls. Rats cotreated with methimazole (20 mg/kg) exhibited minimal proximal tubular necrosis and were protected against GM-induced increase in BUN concentrations, despite having higher kidney GM concentrations. Rats given GM alone for 3 days exhibited no proximal tubular necrosis and no elevation of BUN values. However, these rats exhibited an increase in nonprotein disulfide concentrations and a decrease in renal protein thiol and protein disulfide concentrations, as opposed to rats given GM and methimazole. Together the results show that methimazole was an effective antagonist of GM-induced nephrotoxicity. Methimazole did not inhibit GM renal uptake but may protect against GM-induced nephrotoxicity by acting as an antioxidant within the kidneys.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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