Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1994 Dec;3(8):687-95.

Epidemiology of colorectal cancer revisited: are serum triglycerides and/or plasma glucose associated with risk?

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Several aspects of Western diets, alcohol use, and exercise patterns which are related to the risk of colorectal cancer have systemic effects in common. Those which increase the risk of colorectal cancer are positively associated with serum triglycerides and plasma glucose; those which decrease risk are negatively associated with serum triglycerides and plasma glucose. These observations suggest the hypothesis that serum triglycerides and/or plasma glucose may themselves be associated with colorectal cancer risk. Evidence for associations between colorectal neoplasia and triglycerides and glucose comes from two recent studies of adenomatous polyps, presumed precursors for colorectal cancer, and from previous studies of diabetes and cancer. In addition, three randomized trials, one in humans and two in animal models, suggest that diets which would be expected to increase serum triglycerides and plasma glucose increase the levels of cellular indicators of colorectal cancer risk. Biological mechanisms explaining associations between colorectal neoplasia and serum triglycerides and/or plasma glucose might involve luminal or circulatory effects: (a) triglycerides and/or glucose may be associated with fecal bile acids, acids which are positively associated with colorectal cancer risk in epidemiological studies and which promote colorectal cancer in animal models; (b) serum triglycerides and/or plasma glucose might influence circulating hormones, such as insulin, which might themselves be involved in cancer development; (c) serum triglycerides and/or plasma glucose might be indicators of energy available through the circulation for neoplastic cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7881343
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center