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Parasite Immunol. 1993 Nov;15(11):635-41.

Murine tumour necrosis factor plays a protective role during the initial phase of the experimental infection with Trypanosoma brucei brucei.

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Unit of Cellular Immunology, Institute of Molecular Biology, Sint-Genesius-Rode, Belgium.


Soluble extracts from salivarian trypanosomes (Trypanosoma brucei brucei, T. evansi and T. congolense) were shown to be capable of inducing murine tumour necrosis factor (mTNF) secretion, both in vivo and in vitro, whereas the soluble extract of an intracellular trypanosome (T. cruzi) failed to do so. Furthermore, the role of mTNF during the initial phase of experimental infections with T. brucei was studied by treating infected mice with mTNF-inducing trypanosoma soluble extract and with neutralizing monoclonal anti-mTNF antibodies. Treatment of the infected animals with different doses of T. brucei soluble extract resulted in a lower first parasitaemia peak (low lysate dose) and in a longer survival time or in a nearly total inhibition of parasite development (high lysate dose). Cotreatment of the infected mice with both anti-mTNF antibodies and a high dose of soluble extract completely restored the parasite development in both trypanosusceptible C3H/He mice and trypanosubtolerant CBA Ca mice, indicating a protective role of mTNF during the parasitaemia. Collectively these results suggest a negative influence of mTNF on T. brucei development in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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