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J Biol Chem. 1995 Feb 24;270(8):3551-3.

ERGIC-53, a membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment, is identical to MR60, an intracellular mannose-specific lectin of myelomonocytic cells.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Biochemie des Glycoconjugués et Lectines Endogènes, Université d'Orléans, France.


A mannose-specific membrane lectin (MR60) isolated from human myelomonocytic HL60 cells by affinity chromatography is expressed in intracellular organelles of immature monocytes (Pimpaneau, V., Midoux, P., Monsigny, M., and Roche, A. C. (1991) Carbohydr. Res. 213, 95-108). It is not present at the cell surface and is immunochemically and structurally distinct from the M(r) 175,000 mannose receptor of mature macrophages. MR60 cDNA was isolated and characterized; on the basis of its sequence, MR60 is not related to any known mammalian lectins. Surprisingly, MR60 was found to be identical to ERGIC-53 (Schindler, R., Itin, C., Zerial, M., Lottspeich, F., and Hauri, H.P. (1993) Eur. J. Cell Biol. 61, 1-9), a type I integral membrane protein, defined as a marker of the intermediate compartment that recycles between the Golgi apparatus and endoplasmic reticulum; MR60/ERGIC-53 shares with VIP-36 significant homologies with leguminous plant lectins (Fiedler, K., and Simmons, K. (1994) Cell 77, 625-626). We extend these findings in evidencing a structural homology between MR60/ERGIC-53 and mammalian galectins (soluble beta galactose binding proteins). MR60/ERGIC-53 is the first lectin characterized as an endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi protein. Accordingly, this intracellular mannose binding protein could be involved in the traffic of glycoproteins between endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus.

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