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FEBS Lett. 1995 Feb 27;360(2):160-4.

Cross-linking of galectin 3, a galactose-binding protein of mammalian cells, by tissue-type transglutaminase.

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National Institute for Medical Research, Ridgeway, London, UK.


The 30 kDa beta-galactoside-binding protein of baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells [Mehul et al. (1994), J. Biol. Chem. 269, 18250-18258] homologous to galectin 3, a widely distributed mammalian lectin, has been found to be a substrate for tissue type transglutaminase, as shown by the incorporation in a calcium- and time-dependent manner of 5-(biotinamido) pentylamine in the presence of guinea pig liver transglutaminase. The amino-terminal domain of hamster galectin 3, which is a repetitive sequence rich in glutamine, tyrosine, glycine and proline, is also an excellent substrate. A single lysine residue in the N-terminal domain is an essential requirement for transglutaminase-mediated oligomerization, and two equivalent glutamine residues present in identical sequence repeats within this domain appear to be involved as amine acceptors in cross-linking reactions. Transglutaminase-mediated cross-linking of galectin 3 to itself or to matrix components may be one mechanism for stabilisation of a multivalent binding form of the lectin in cell secretions or in extracellular matrices.

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