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Nat Genet. 1994 Nov;8(3):236-42.

Hereditary progressive dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuation caused by mutations in the GTP cyclohydrolase I gene.

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Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan.


Hereditary progressive dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuation (HPD) (also known as dopa responsive dystonia) is a dystonia with onset in childhood that shows a marked response without any side effects to levodopa. Recently the gene for dopa responsive dystonia (DRD) was mapped to chromosome 14q. Here we report that GTP cyclohydrolase I is mapped to 14q22.1-q22.2. The identification of four independent mutations of the gene for GTP cyclohydrolase I in patients with HPD, as well as a marked decrease in the enzyme's activity in mononuclear blood cells, confirms that the GTP cyclohydrolase I gene is a causative gene for HPD/DRD. This is the first report of a causative gene for the inherited dystonias.

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