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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1994 Nov;10(1):39-46.

Outbreak of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Serratia marcescens in an intensive care unit.

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1
Institute of Microbiology, University of PaviĆ£, Italy.

Abstract

Serratia marcescens has recently been identified as an important etiological agent in nosocomial infections, and is considered to be an opportunistic pathogen agent in immunosuppressed patients undergoing long periods of intensive care. Research carried out in 1991 and 1992 showed that it was of epidemiological relevance in only 1-2% of clinical isolates at the Ospedale di Circolo, Varese, Italy. However, between 7 February and 11 October 1993, the incidence of cases attributable to S. marcescens had increased to 5%; 157 strains of Serratia marcescens were isolated from clinical specimens of 43 patients admitted to an intensive care unit; these strains, characterized by epidemic spread, showed the same pattern of multiresistance to antibiotics including monobactams and oxyimino-cephalosporins. During the same period 23 isolates were also recovered from 18 patients admitted to wards other than the intensive care unit; these strains, characterized by a wide range of antibiotic susceptibility, were also sensitive to beta-lactam antibiotics with the exception of first generation cephalosporins. The production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ES beta Ls) and their genetic determinism were studied. All the epidemic strains of S. marcescens resistant to ceftazidime, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone and aztreonam produced three different beta-lactamases with pI 5.4, 5.5 and 8.4 respectively. In contrast, non-epidemic strains produced only a beta-lactamase with pI 8.4. The beta-lactamase with pI 5.5 was plasmid-mediated, hydrolizing ceftazidime and aztreonam, showing it to be an ES beta L; while the beta-lactamase with pI 5.4, although plasmid-mediated, did not hydrolize monobactams or oxyimino-cephalosporins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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