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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993;112(2-3):195-8.

Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors decrease schedule-induced polydipsia in rats: a potential model for obsessive compulsive disorder.

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Department of Biological Research, Hoechst-Roussel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Somerville, NJ 08876.


Schedule-induced polydipsia was used to determine the effects of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors on adjunctive water consumption. Polydipsia was induced in food deprived rats by exposure to a fixed time feeding schedule (FT = 60 s) for 150 min per day for 22 days. Selected polydipsic rats consumed 3-4 times greater volume of water compared to food deprived control rats. Chronic administration of the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors fluoxetine and clomipramine (CMI) at 5 mg/kg per day and fluvoxamine at 10 mg/kg twice a day significantly decreased schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) on day 15 and throughout the remainder of the study compared to control rats. The noradrenergic re-uptake inhibitor, desipramine (DMI), only decreased SIP behavior on day 1. The neuroleptic, haloperidol (0.03 and 0.1 mg/kg), and the benzodiazepine, diazepam (2.5 mg/kg), failed to alter SIP behavior. Since obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and polydipsic behavior both involve excessive expression of a normal behavior, the polydipsia model may be relevant for the prediction of compounds useful in the treatment of OCD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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