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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1995 Mar;32(3):393-416; quiz 417-8.

Lichen sclerosus.

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Department of Dermatology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, USAF Lackland AFB, Texas.


Lichen sclerosus, usually appearing in the dermatologic literature under the names of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, balanitis xerotica obliterans, and kraurosis vulvae, is an inflammatory disease with a multifactorial origin. A past association of lichen sclerosus and genital squamous cell carcinoma is not as close as once thought. Once considered primarily a surgical problem, especially when the genitals were involved, lichen sclerosus will respond to a variety of systemic and topical therapies.

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