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Eur J Biochem. 1995 Feb 1;227(3):700-6.

The pH-dependent changes of the enzymic activity and spectroscopic properties of iron-substituted manganese superoxide dismutase. A study on the metal-specific activity of Mn-containing superoxide dismutase.

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1
Department of Chemistry, School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Chiba, Japan.

Abstract

Manganese-containing superoxide dismutases (Mn-SODs) and iron-containing superoxide dismutases (Fe-SODs) from aerobic bacteria often show high metal specificity for their enzymic activities by a standard assay system using xanthine-xanthine oxidase and cytochrome c. In this study, we have attempted to characterize the structural basis of the metal specificity of manganese-containing SOD (Mn-SOD) using Fe-substituted Mn-SOD prepared from apo-Mn-SOD from Serratia marcescens. The Fe3+ content of the Fe-substituted enzyme was 1.71 +/- 0.14 mol/mol dimer and the specific activity was 34.8 +/- 4.8 units.mg protein-1.mol Fe3+(-1).mol subunit-1. Fe-substituted Mn-SOD was found to react with the superoxide anion at pH 8.1 with a second-order rate constant of 6 x 10(6) M-1 s-1, which is approximately 1% of that of native Mn-SOD at the same pH. However, the rate constant increased with decreasing pH to approximately 10% (5 x 10(7) M-1 s-1) that of native Mn-SOD at pH 6.0 with a pK of 7.0. The visible absorption spectrum and EPR spectrum of Fe-substituted Mn-SOD also showed pH-dependent changes with pK values of 6.6 and 7.2, respectively. Similarly, the affinity of the azide ion, an analog of the superoxide ion, for iron of Fe-substituted Mn-SOD increased with decreasing pH, with a pK value of 7.0 (e.g. Kd = 0.1 mM at pH 6.2 and 0.9 mM at pH 8.2). The similarity of these pK values suggests that the activity, the spectral changes and the affinity of the azide ion for iron are derived from the same change in the metal environment. After comparison with the reported pK values (around 9) of similar pH-dependent changes in the spectra, the enzymic activity and the affinity of azide for iron of Fe-SOD from Escherichia coli, we proposed that the difference in the pK values of a hydroxide ion binding to iron between Fe-substituted Mn-SOD and Fe-SOD may cause the different pH dependencies of these changes in each SOD.

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