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Endocrinology. 1995 Mar;136(3):1267-75.

Parathyroid hormone stimulates ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity in renal epithelial cells: role of protein kinase-C.

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Department of Physiology, Faculté de Médecine Xavier-Bichat, Université Denis-Diderot-Paris, France.


PTH-induced phosphaturia is exerted in part by cAMP added to the renal tubular lumen under the influence of the hormone. Modulation of renal phosphate transport by luminal cAMP requires degradation of the nucleotide into adenosine by brush-border membrane ectoenzymes, among them ecto-5'-nucleotidase (5'-NU). Hormonal modulation of 5'-NU activity was evaluated in cultured opossum kidney cells. PTH (1-100 nM) stimulated 5'-NU in a time-, concentration-, and protein synthesis-dependent manner. The effect of PTH-(1-34) was mimicked by PTH-(3-34), which does not activates adenylate cyclase, and by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), but not by forskolin or (Bu)2cAMP. Down-regulation or pharmacological inhibition of protein kinase-C (PKC) abolished the effect of PTH fragments and PMA. PTH fragments increased intracellular Ca2+ and translocated PKC activity to the membrane. PTH or PMA did not affect 5'-NU messenger RNA content. Inhibition of sodium-phosphate cotransport by extracellular cAMP was decreased by 5'-NU inhibition and was magnified by PTH. These results indicate that 1) PTH stimulates 5'-NU activity in renal proximal tubular cells in a manner involving PKC activation and de novo protein synthesis; and 2) this effect participates in PTH modulation of renal phosphate transport.

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