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Endocrinology. 1995 Mar;136(3):1072-8.

Inhibition of growth hormone-releasing factor production in mouse placenta by cytokines using gp130 as a signal transducer.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.


The aim of this study was to investigate whether mouse placenta produces mature mouse GHRF (mGHRF) and whether cytokines regulate placental mGHRF production. Using Sephadex G-50 gel filtration chromatography and reverse phase HPLC, we identified immunoreactive mGHRF in acid-ethanol extract of placental tissues, which had chromatographic characteristics identical to those of hypothalamic mature mGHRF peptide. The major peak of immunoreactive GHRF in the medium from cultured placental cells was resolved by HPLC at a fraction identical to hypothalamic mature mGHRF. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-11, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and oncostatin-M, which all use gp130 as a signal transducer, significantly inhibited mGHRF secretion by cultured placental cells. However, IL-1 alpha and tumor necrosis factor-alpha had no effect on mGHRF secretion. Antibodies to IL-6 or IL-6 receptor completely blocked the inhibitory effect of IL-6 on mGHRF secretion. Anti-LIF, and oncostatin-M inhibited the expression of mGHRF messenger RNA. These results suggest that mouse placenta produces and releases the mature mGHRF, which is indistinguishable by chromatographic criteria from that produced by the hypothalamus, and that signals through gp130 lead to the inhibition of mGHRF production and release in the mouse placenta.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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