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Microb Pathog. 1994 Jul;17(1):37-50.

Protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors block the entries of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria ivanovii into epithelial cells.

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Laboratoire de Pathologie Infectieuse et Immunologie, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Tours-Nouzilly, France.


The internalization of Listeria by intestinal epithelial cells is still poorly understood, however it is becoming apparent that microorganisms have developed the ability to interact with host cell receptor molecules to induce their own internalization. In this report we show that inhibition of cell tyrosine phosphorylation by protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors blocks L. monocytogenes entry into both finite and immortalized intestinal cell lines. Some differences were observed between the Listeria species. L. monocytogenes entry was inhibited by between 10- to 100-fold by PTK inhibitors competing with the tyrosine residue binding of the kinase as erbstatin or by PTK inhibitors competing with the binding of ATP to the enzyme as genistein and some tyrphostins. On the other hand, L. ivanovii entry was inhibited by erbstatin as observed with L. monocytogenes but poorly by genistein and tyrphostins. The use of these several PTK inhibitors shows that even though both L. monocytogenes and L. ivanovii entered intestinal and other cell lines by stimulating PTK, it seems that L. monocytogenes stimulated a different PTK than L. ivanovii. According to the fact that the number of PTK receptors increases on immortalized cells, the higher L. monocytogenes internalization observed with immortalized cell lines could be related to a higher PTK receptor number on these cells compared to finite cell lines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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