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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1994 Nov;105(2):131-7.

Relative quantitative analysis of glucagon receptor mRNA in rat tissues.

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Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Medical School, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.


Total RNA prepared from nine rat tissues were analyzed for their content in glucagon receptor mRNA by two independent hybridization approaches: (1) simple dot blot analysis using labelled oligodeoxynucleotide; (2) highly specific RNase protection assay using labelled antisense RNA. Hybridization signal was quantified by laser densitometric scanning of autoradiographies. Results were expressed for each method relative to the liver content (100%) for either a constant amount of total RNA or for a constant amount of beta-actin mRNA. We obtained similar relative values of glucagon receptor mRNA per constant amount of total RNA by the two hybridization methods: in liver (100 and 100), in kidney (38 and 34), and in heart (12 and 11). The glucagon receptor mRNA was overestimated by the less specific dot assays, in adrenal glands (21 versus 10) and in adipose tissues (24 versus 5). In the stomach, brain, duodenum and lung, the signal was equal to or below the reliable quantification limit. Reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of glucagon receptor mRNA with limited cycle number were performed using two sets of primers: the first set amplified a single band at the 3' coding end, and the second, 3-6 bands at the 5' coding end, revealing tissue-specific polymorphism. RT-PCR data confirmed the presence of glucagon receptor mRNA in liver, kidney, heart, adrenal glands and adipose tissue, and allowed the detection of a very low amount of glucagon receptor mRNA in the stomach, the duodenum and brain but not in the lung.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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