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Eur J Epidemiol. 1994 Oct;10(5):533-40.

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases from Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated at an Italian hospital.

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Istituto di Microbiologia, Università di Pavia, Italy.


Eighteen strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae recently isolated from hospitalized patients were resistant or moderately resistant to oxyimino-cephalosporins (ceftazidime and/or cefotaxime), aztreonam, cefoxitin and all but one were susceptible to imipenem. Analysis of enzymes produced by these clinical isolates revealed a wide pattern of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. All isolates produced one or more beta-lactamases that were characterized preliminarily by their isoelectric point. Strains isolated early were from patients in the Intensive Care Unit and produced an ES beta-lactamase with an apparent pI of 7.6, whereas the later isolates were from surgical and medical wards of the same hospital and produced ES beta-lactamases with apparent pI of 8.2 and 8.4, respectively. This suggests the emergence of SHV-5 and MIR-1 beta-lactamases in our hospital. Agarose gel electrophoresis of plasmid DNA revealed the presence of a similar plasmid of approximate size 60 Kb in all isolates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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