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Biochem Pharmacol. 1995 Jan 31;49(3):339-50.

Translocation of dopamine and binding of 2 beta-carbomethoxy-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl) tropane (WIN 35,428) measured under identical conditions in rat striatal synaptosomal preparations. Inhibition by various blockers.

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Department of Basic Sciences, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria 61656.


Translocation of [3H]dopamine and binding of 2 beta-carbomethoxy-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl)[3H]-tropane ([3H]WIN 35,428) were measured in crude synaptosomal preparations from rat striatum under identical conditions of assay buffer (phosphate-Krebs) and temperature (25 degrees). [3H]Dopamine uptake as a function of time was close to linear for at least 8 min, whereas [3H]WIN 35,428 binding had reached equilibrium within 1 min and remained at its plateau value for at least 20 min. The following inhibitors were tested in uptake and binding assays run in parallel with the same synaptosomal preparation: cocaine, WIN 35,428, benztropine, nomifensine, mazindol, methylphenidate, N-[1-(2-benzo[b]-thiophenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine (BTCP), Lu 19-005 (Indatraline), 1-(2-(di(4-fluorophenyl)-methoxy)-ethyl)-4-(3-phenyl-2-propyl)piperazine (GBR 12909), 1-(2-(diphenylmethoxy)-ethyl)-4-(3-phenyl-2-propyl)piperazine (GBR 12935) and 7-trifluoromethyl-4-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-pyrrolo [1,2-a]quinoxaline (CGS 12066B). When present together with [3H]dopamine or [3H]WIN 35,428 for 8 min, the observed binding IC50 values were generally higher (average 1.4-fold) than the uptake IC50 values, with a significant y-axis intercept in linear regression analysis of binding on uptake IC50. For slowly equilibrating inhibitors, estimates of uptake IC50 values were overestimates, and relatively lower values were obtained by monitoring [3H]dopamine uptake for 1 min only during the last minute of the 8-min presence of inhibitor; under these conditions, binding over uptake IC50 ratios were on the average 2.3. Kinetic calculations, taking into account both radioligand and inhibitor equilibration kinetics, indicated that the latter comparison between binding and uptake measurements was most relevant, and suggested the involvement of complexities beyond simple competitive inhibition of dopamine transport, such as different binding domains for substrate and blocker recognition, or spare receptors for blockers. The present data indicate that binding over uptake IC50 ratios should be interpreted with caution, depending on the experimental conditions used to measure these ratios.

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