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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Feb 6;207(1):223-30.

Nucleotide sequence and expression of UDP-glucose dehydrogenase gene required for the synthesis of xanthan gum in Xanthomonas campestris.

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Institute of Molecular Biology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China.


Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, producing large amounts of exopolysaccharide xanthan gum, has a mucoid phenotype. Strain SD7 was a non-mucoid mutant deficient in UDP-glucose dehydrogenase. A DNA fragment able to complement the mutation of SD7 was cloned from the parental wild-type strain Xc11. Sequence analysis of the region required for the complementation revealed an open reading frame which could encode a polypeptide of 445 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 48,432, a size similar to that of the product produced by maxicell. The amino acid sequence had significant homology to that of the GDP-mannose dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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