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Am J Pathol. 1995 Jan;146(1):130-8.

Monocyte chemotactic protein expression during schistosome egg granuloma formation. Sequence of production, localization, contribution, and regulation.

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center.


The present study explored the role of murine monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP) in the T cell-mediated hypersensitive granulomatous response to Schistosoma mansoni eggs. The study examined the time course of local production, contribution to cellular infiltration, and the role of T cells in endogenous regulation. Synchronized pulmonary granulomas were induced under conditions of primary and secondary states of immunity. Primer-directed polymerase chain reaction analysis showed increased MCP mRNA expression in granulomatous lungs, mainly in the secondary response. Levels of MCP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in cultures of intact granulomas. Spontaneous MCP production was modest in primary granuloma cultures, reaching a maximum of 5.7 +/- 0.9 ng/ml by 16 days. In contrast, the secondary response showed augmented and accelerated production, achieving 13 +/- 2.0 ng/ml by 2 days. Immunohistochemical staining revealed the strongest MCP expression within microvascular adventitial cells or pericytes as well as in scattered mononuclear cells associated with granulomas. Staining was not detected in normal lungs. Passive immunization with anti-MCP-1 antibodies caused a 40% reduction in the secondary granuloma area but did not significantly affect the primary response. With adoptive cell transfer and T cell subset depletion, it was shown that Thy-1+ and CD5+ cells augmented, whereas CD8+ cells appeared to impair, MCP production. This provides direct evidence that MCP is involved in secondary Th2-mediated response to schistosome eggs and is subject to regulation by T cells.

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