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Am J Cardiol. 1995 Feb 15;75(5):321-3.

Magnesium therapy in acute myocardial infarction when patients are not candidates for thrombolytic therapy.

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1
Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel.

Abstract

Thrombolytic therapy reduces in-hospital mortality. However, 70% to 80% of patients do not receive thrombolysis and their in-hospital mortality is high. During the last decade some clinical trials demonstrated that magnesium sulfate reduced in-hospital mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of magnesium sulfate in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who were considered unsuitable for thrombolytic therapy. Intravenous magnesium sulfate was evaluated in 194 patients with AMI ineligible for thrombolytic therapy in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Group I consisted of 96 patients who received 48-hour intravenous magnesium. Group II consisted of 98 patients who received isotonic glucose as a placebo. Magnesium reduced the incidence of arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, and conduction disturbances compared with placebo (27% vs 40%, p = 0.04; 18% vs 23%, p = 0.27; 10% vs 15%, p = 0.21, respectively). Left ventricular ejection fraction 72 hours and 1 to 2 months after admission was higher in patients who received magnesium sulfate than in those taking placebo (49% vs 43% and 52% vs 45%; p = 0.01, respectively). In-hospital mortality was significantly reduced in patients receiving magnesium sulfate than in those receiving placebo (4% vs 17%; p < 0.01), and also in the subgroup of elderly patients (> 70 years) (9% vs 23%; p = 0.09). In conclusion, magnesium sulfate should be considered as an alternative therapy to thrombolysis in patients with AMI.

PMID:
7856520
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9149(99)80546-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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