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Virology. 1995 Feb 1;206(2):1129-32.

A recombinational event in the history of luteoviruses probably induced by base-pairing between the genomes of two distinct viruses.

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NERC Institute of Virology and Environmental Microbiology, Oxford, United Kingdom.


Alignments of luteovirus readthrough protein amino acid sequences show they consist of two distinct regions, here named the N domain and the C domain. N domain sequences were classified, and comparison of this gene phylogeny to phylogenies of other luteovirus genes revealed an anomaly in the relationships between beet western yellows luteovirus, cucurbit aphidborne yellows luteovirus (CABYV), and pea enation mosaic RNA1 (PEMV1). Together with alignments of virion protein and readthrough protein amino acid sequences, these gene phylogenies indicate the anomaly to be the result of two recombinational events, probably between ancestors of CABYV and PEMV1 and leading to the transfer of RNA coding for the N domain to an ancestor of CABYV. Two likely recombination sites were identified from the alignments, one at the 5' end of the readthrough protein gene and the other at the 5' end of the sequence coding for the C domain. Alignments of the nucleotide sequences encompassing the probable recombination sites suggest that base-pairing between the genomes of the two ancestral luteoviruses, resulting from local sequence similarity at the 5' end of the readthrough protein gene, probably induced one of the interspecies recombinational events.

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