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J Biol Chem. 1995 Feb 10;270(6):2620-7.

Phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides bind to basic fibroblast growth factor, inhibit its binding to cell surface receptors, and remove it from low affinity binding sites on extracellular matrix.

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Department of Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032.


We studied the interactions of phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides and heparin-binding growth factors. By means of a gel mobility shift assay, we demonstrated that phosphodiester and phosphorothioate homopolymers bound to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Binding of a probe phosphodiester oligodeoxynucleotide could also be shown for other proteins of the FGF family, including acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), Kaposi's growth factor (FGF-4) as well as for the bFGF-related vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF. No binding to epidermal growth factor (EGF) was observed. In addition, using a radioreceptor assay, we have shown that phosphorothioate homopolymers of cytidine and thymidine blocked binding of not only 125I-bFGF, but also of 125I-PDGF to NIH 3T3 cells, whereas phosphodiester oligodeoxynucleotides were ineffective. The extent of blockade of binding was dependent on the chain length of the phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide. Furthermore, we have examined the effects of 18-mer phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides of different sequences on 125I-bFGF binding to low and high affinity sites on both NIH 3T3 fibroblasts and DU-145 prostate cancer cells. Despite the fact that we have observed inhibition of bFGF binding by the 18-mer phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides for both the high and low affinity classes of bFGF receptor, the inhibition was sequence-selective only for the high affinity receptors. We have also demonstrated that phosphorothioate homopolymers of cytidine and thymidine release bFGF bound to low affinity receptors in extracellular matrix (ECM). Finally, the most potent phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides used in these experiments (e.g. SdC28) were inhibitors of bFGF-induced DNA synthesis in NIH 3T3 cells.

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