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Dev Med Child Neurol. 1995 Feb;37(2):131-4.

Podiatric disorders among children with Down syndrome and learning disability.

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University of Birmingham.


This study investigated podiatric pathology in seven- to 14-year-old children with Down syndrome (DS) and non-Down syndrome learning-disabled and non-learning-disabled age-matched controls. Several conditions, including pes planus, fissures, split toenails, increased plantar flexed first ray and a wide hallucal cleft were found to be more common in the DS group. Pes cavus and foot rigidity were more common in the non-DS learning-disabled group. In all groups the majority of children wore laced shoes, which were most ill-fitting among children with a learning disability. Approximately one-third in each group had abnormal foot-pressure prints. Greater care and professional awareness of podiatric pathology in children with learning disability is recommended.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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