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Diabet Med. 1994 Oct;11(8):740-7.

Cholesterol rich apo B containing lipoproteins and smoking are independently associated with macrovascular disease in normotensive NIDDM patients.

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Diabetes Research Unit, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK.


A cross-sectional study of macrovascular disease (MVD) and associated metabolic and other risk factors was conducted in 87 normotensive NIDDM patients. MVD was assessed by Rose questionnaire, 12 lead resting ECG, duplex scanning of carotid and peripheral vessels, and ankle:brachial systolic blood pressure ratio. Fasting serum total cholesterol, total triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, apolipoproteins AI and B, lipoprotein (a), HbA1, plasma glucose, insulin, and C-peptide responses to a carbohydrate rich meal, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio, urinary albumin excretion rate, blood pressure, smoking and family history were assessed as possible 'risk factors'. Apolipoprotein:lipid ratios were calculated to estimate lipoprotein composition. Thirty-six patients had demonstrable MVD. The presence of MVD was associated with higher total triglycerides (p < 0.05), BMI (p < 0.05), systolic blood pressure (p < 0.01), a lower apo B:non HDL cholesterol ratio (p < 0.001), and smoking (p < 0.005) but no other measures. Multiple regression analysis revealed smoking and a low apo B:non HDL cholesterol to be independently associated with MVD. The low apo B:non HDL cholesterol suggests a high cholesterol content of apo B containing lipoproteins. This lipoprotein abnormality is not a feature of NIDDM, but when present in these patients may be particularly atherogenic.

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