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Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Oct;3(10):1811-7.

A high resolution physical map of 2.5 Mbp of the Down syndrome region on chromosome 21.

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Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305-5120.


The region surrounding D21S55 in band 21q22 of human chromosome 21 has been implicated in the etiology of Down syndrome (DS). In this paper, we report the construction of a high resolution map of a 2.5 Mb region around the marker D21S55. Characterization of YAC clones by accurate size determination, end isolation and marker assignment was used to build a refined YAC-based map. The YAC clones were then used to isolate 284 cosmid clones, covering 2.3 Mb, from a chromosome 21-specific cosmid library. The cosmid clones were ordered into overlapping groups and a restriction map of each group was determined. The groups of cosmids were then ordered and oriented with respect to the YAC-based map. This high resolution map provides the framework for further analysis of the region by transcribed sequence mapping and sequence determination.

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