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Am J Hum Genet. 1995 Feb;56(2):528-34.

Association of LMP2 and LMP7 genes within the major histocompatibility complex with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: population and family studies.

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610.


LMP2 and LMP7, two subunits of the proteasomes encoded in the major histocompatibility complex, are speculated to play a role in the generation of endogenous peptides for presentation by class I molecules to cytotoxic T cells. Their possible role in the pathogenesis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has not been documented. In this study of Caucasian subjects, we have analyzed the polymorphisms of four genes within the HLA class II region (LMP2, LMP7, and HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1) in 198 unrelated IDDM patients and 192 normal controls ascertained from the southeastern United States. A genomic polymorphism of LMP7 was found strongly associated with IDDM, and the Arg/His-60 polymorphism in LMP2 was found associated with IDDM only in subjects containing an HLA DR4-DQB1*0302 haplotype. To determine whether the apparent associations between LMP genes and IDDM resulted from the strong linkage disequilibria observed between LMP and HLA-DR/DQ genes, we compared LMP gene frequencies in extended LMP-HLA haplotypes derived from control and diabetic families. Our results suggest that LMP genes have independent effects on IDDM susceptibility.

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