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Am J Hematol. 1995 Feb;48(2):108-15.

Leukodepleted-ABO-identical blood components in the treatment of hematologic malignancies: a cost analysis.

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1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, New York.

Abstract

To assess the effect of ABO-identical, filtration leukodepleted transfusions on resource consumption and costs of care we performed a cohort study in consecutive adult patients admitted for induction therapy of acute myeloid or lymphoid leukemia during 1985-92 (n = 120) and consecutive adult patients admitted for autologous bone marrow transplantation for Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma during 1989-1991 in our university hospital. Patients with acute leukemia received either ABO unmatched, unfiltered transfusions (1985-89), ABO identical, unfiltered transfusions (1987-90), or ABO identical, filtered transfusions (1990-92). Patients with lymphoma received either ABO unmatched, unfiltered transfusions (1989-90) or ABO identical, filtered transfusions (1990-91). Mean platelet transfusion requirements per patient decreased with ABO identical platelets and filtered transfusions: from 143 to 71 units in the transplant setting; from 146 to 83 in acute leukemia (P < 0.05). Mean hospital ancillary service charges in 1992 dollars decreased with ABO identical platelets and filtered transfusions approximately $14,000 per patient for acute leukemia and $26,000 for for lymphoma. Per patient actual costs for filters ($643 in transplantation for lymphoma and $875 in leukemia) were offset by savings in actual blood component purchase costs alone ($4,127 in lymphoma and $3,283 in leukemia). In our setting, introduction of ABO identical platelets and filtration leukodepletion were implemented with substantial decreases in costs.

PMID:
7847323
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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