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J Clin Oncol. 1995 Feb;13(2):444-51.

Randomized trial of epirubicin and cisplatin chemotherapy followed by pelvic radiation in locally advanced cervical cancer. Cervical Cancer Study Group of the Asian Oceanian Clinical Oncology Association.

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1
Department of Cancer Medicine, University of Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Pelvic radiation is standard treatment for women with stage IIb to IVa cervical cancer, but treatment results are disappointing, particularly for women with bulky tumors. We investigated the role of primary chemotherapy followed by pelvic radiotherapy in a randomized trial.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Two hundred sixty patients with stage IIb and IVa cervical cancer received either standard pelvic radiotherapy or primary chemotherapy with cisplatin 60 mg/m2 and epirubicin 110 mg/m2 administered at 3-week intervals for three cycles, followed by pelvic radiotherapy.

RESULTS:

Ninety-nine patients have relapsed with a median follow-up duration of 1.3 years; in 62 patients, the first site of progressive disease was the pelvis. Patients who received primary chemotherapy had a significantly higher pelvic failure rate than those who received radiotherapy alone (P < .003). Seventy-six patients have died, and those who received primary chemotherapy had significantly inferior survival compared with those who received radiotherapy alone (P = .02). Tumor response following chemotherapy was observed in 63%. After radiotherapy, tumor response occurred in 72% of those who received combined modality treatment, compared with 92% of those who received radiotherapy alone.

CONCLUSION:

Primary chemotherapy with epirubicin and cisplatin, although resulting in tumor response in a significant proportion of patients, is accompanied by an inferior local control rate and survival compared with standard pelvic radiotherapy alone.

PMID:
7844607
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.1995.13.2.444
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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