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FEBS Lett. 1995 Jan 30;358(3):273-7.

Prohibitin, an antiproliferative protein, is localized to mitochondria.

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Cell Biology Programme, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.


Prohibitin is a ubiquitously expressed protein with antiproliferative properties. When rat prohibitin tagged with a carboxy-terminal c-Myc epitope was expressed in baby hamster kidney cells the protein was targeted to mitochondria. In immunofluorescence microscopy prohibitin colocalized with a mitochondrial marker E3. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that prohibitin was associated with the periphery of mitochondria. The amino-terminus of prohibitin shares characteristics of the known mitochondrial import signals, and positioning of the tag at the N-terminus causes accumulation of the protein in the cytoplasm. These findings help to direct functional studies on prohibitin and suggest that a mitochondrial protein may act as a tumor suppressor.

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