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Neurodegeneration. 1994 Dec;3(4):315-23.

An experimental animal model of aluminium overload.

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1
Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium.

Abstract

In order that better therapeutic approaches to disorders in man characterized by aluminium (Al) overload might be developed it is essential to have an appropriate animal model. Chronic oral administration of Al citrate to male Wistar rats leads to an Al overload in a relatively short period of time when compared to previous published animal models. Liver and brain Al levels are increased by 25 and 30-fold respectively compared to control rats after 6 months of loading. Al tissue content was significantly greater when the Al citrate was administered in an iron-free diet. The distribution of Al in brain was similar to that in the Al encephalopathy of patients with chronic renal failure or Alzheimer's disease and is in accord with observations that areas of brain that accumulate greatest amounts of Al have highest concentrations of transferrin receptors. In the brain, the toxic effect of Al at the cellular level was characterized by an extensive cytoplasmic vacuolation in astrocytes (especially) and neurones. These changes are reminiscent of those observed in certain human neurodegenerative diseases.

PMID:
7842302
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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