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Tuber Lung Dis. 1994 Oct;75(5):377-82.

A case report of Mycobacterium chelonae keratitis and a review of mycobacterial infections of the eye and orbit.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Hillingdon Hospital, London, UK.


Mycobacteria are unusual causes of keratitis and other ocular infections but the outcome of infection is often serious. We report a case of keratitis due to Mycobacterium chelonae, a rapidly growing environmental mycobacterium, in a soft contact-lens wearer, and discuss the difficulty and delay in identifying the organism, twice erroneously identified as Nocardia asteroides on morphological grounds. Despite in vitro susceptibility, the response to anti-bacterial agents was negligible and a second keratoplasty was required after a recurrence of disease at the donor-host junction. We review the role of mycobacteria as the cause of keratitis and other forms of ocular disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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