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Eur Cytokine Netw. 1994 Jul-Aug;5(4):387-95.

Cytokine expression in intestinal mucosal biopsies. In situ hybridisation of the mRNA for interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha in inflammatory bowel disease.

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1
Institute of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of L├╝beck Medical School, Germany.

Abstract

Etiology and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remain obscure. There is substantial evidence that proinflammatory cytokines such as Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) exhibit a key role in the the inflammatory process. In situ hybridisation can depict individual cells producing cytokine mRNA. We performed hybridisation with antisense probes specific for IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha on sections of paraffine-embedded biopsies. Specimens obtained from three control persons and six cases of Crohn's disease (CD) were investigated. Only few positive cells were found in tissue sections of control persons, clusters of lamina propria cells or epithelial cells containing cytokine mRNA were not observed. Inflammatory bowel disease tissue contained large numbers of cells producing mRNA specific for the three proinflammatory cytokines assayed. IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha mRNA were predominantly detected corresponding to cells of the lamina propria. Single cells containing mRNA specific for IL-6 were also found among the epithelial lining of intestinal crypts. Epithelial cells containing IL-1 beta and IL-6 mRNA were found in specimens derived from one patient with Crohn's disease. Notably, large amounts of cells containing cytokine mRNA were not only found in inflamed, but also in macroscopically normal mucosa. In conclusion, using proinflammatory cytokines as a model, we established in situ hybridisation on sections of mucosal biopsies permitting further insight into immune activation at individual cell level.

PMID:
7841354
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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