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Atherosclerosis. 1994 Nov;111(1):55-64.

Stimulation of rat vascular smooth muscle cell glycosaminoglycan production by angiotensin II.

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Division of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, UCLA School of Medicine 90048.


Matrix production by smooth muscle cells (SMC) appears to play a major role in the intimal thickening process. Proteoglycans (PG) are the predominant extracellular matrix component of early restenotic lesions. As angiotensin II (A II) has been proposed as a mediator of restenotic process, we hypothesized that A II may directly affect PG synthesis by SMC. SMC were cultured in the presence of [35S]sulfate and angiotensin II, and both the secreted and membrane-bound proteoglycans were analyzed. A II (1 to 100 nM) evoked a dose- and time-dependent increase in both cell- and media-associated PG production, an effect abrogated by the A II receptor antagonist, saralasin. SMC constitutively synthesize small amounts of PG with a molecular mass of 170-250 kDa. After treatment with A II, the abundance of PG is increased, as well as its molecular mass (230-300 kDa). Selective degradation by chondroitinases and heparinase identified chondroitin and dermatan sulfate PG as the predominant form being induced. These results demonstrate that the effect of A II is not general and is specific to certain classes of PGs. In order to further examine the specificity of the A II effect, we compared the synthesis of PG induced by A II with that induced by platelet-derived growth factors AA and BB (PDGF-AA and -BB), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha). This comparison demonstrated that the profile of PG induced by A II is different from the other factors examined. Taken together, these data indicate that A II may not only function as a hypertrophic factor for SMC, but in addition may also be a potent modulator of specific PG synthesis by these same cells, which could significantly contribute to the formation of atherosclerotic and restenotic lesions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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