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Am J Physiol. 1995 Jan;268(1 Pt 2):F30-8.

Role of lipid peroxidation in H2O2-induced renal epithelial (LLC-PK1) cell injury.

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Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216-4505.


The exact sequence of events or mechanisms by which H2O2 induces renal cell injury remains undetermined. Specifically, whether the attendant lipid peroxidation is a cause or an effect remains unclear. Employing H2O2 and LLC-PK1 cells, we tested the hypothesis that lipid peroxidation is a seminal event and that its inhibition is cytoprotective. In a time course study, lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reaction) and degradation (release of [3H]arachidonic acid) preceded H2O2-induced cytolysis (51Cr and lactate dehydrogenase release). The role of preceding lipid peroxidation in cytolysis was examined with lipid radical scavengers. alpha-Tocopherol and lazaroid compound 2-methyl aminochroman dose-dependently inhibited H2O2-induced lipid peroxidation and prevented cytolysis. 2-Methyl aminochroman cytoprotection was associated with blockade of lipid degradation. 21-Aminosteroid, another lazaroid, also inhibited lipid peroxidation and prevented cytolysis. These findings provide evidence that lipid alterations contribute to H2O2-mediated LLC-PK1 injury and, for the first time, demonstrate the potency of lazaroids in a renal cell line. In vivo studies with lazaroids may define the role of lipid peroxidation in acute renal injury models.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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