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Am J Physiol. 1995 Jan;268(1 Pt 1):G82-9.

Gastrin and carbachol require cAMP to elicit aminopyrine accumulation in isolated pig and rat parietal cells.

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Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden.


The role of endogenous adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) in the mechanisms of action of gastrin and carbachol on aminopyrine accumulation in isolated pig and rat parietal cells was investigated. In pig cells, pentagastrin (100 nM) alone stimulated aminopyrine accumulation, an action significantly reduced by the protein kinase A inhibitor Rp-adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphothioate (Rp-cAMP[S]; 100 microM). In rat cells, gastrin-17 (100 nM) was incapable of stimulating aminopyrine accumulation, but it potentiated the action of histamine (100 microM). Carbachol (10 microM) stimulated aminopyrine accumulation and potentiated the action of histamine, and its action was potentiated in a dose-dependent manner by Sp-adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphothioate (Sp-cAMP[S]; a cAMP analogue) in both species. The effect of carbachol was dose dependently reduced by Rp-cAMP[S]. The basal cAMP in pig parietal cells was 3.5-fold higher than that in rat parietal cells. Histamine (100 microM) and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX; 100 microM) only slightly elevated the cAMP content (1.2- to 2.9-fold the basal level) in both pig and rat parietal cells. Their combination, however, increased the cAMP level by 8- to 38-fold, but it did not increase aminopyrine accumulation above that elicited by histamine alone. Gastrin did not alter the cAMP levels in parietal cells of either of the two species. Both gastrin and carbachol increased cytosolic free Ca2+ in enriched pig and rat parietal cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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